Working with partners, Nature After Minerals is here to offer and share best-practice advice on biodiversity-led minerals restoration.

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Trent and Tame River Valleys

How Minerals Local Plans can help give nature a home on a landscape scale in the Trent and Tame River Valleys. The Trent and Tame River Valleys will once again be one of Britain’s greatest wetlands, providing a wetland artery for wildlife, flowing from source to sea in an attractive, multi- functional and inspiring landscape loved and valued by all.

Newark to South Clifton Concept Plan

The Trent and Tame River Valleys will once again be one of the great British wetlands, providing a wetland artery for wildlife in an attractive, multi-functional and inspiring landscape loved and valued by all. The Trent Valley, between Newark and South Clifton, will be the “crown jewel” of this wetland landscape.

Wet woodland

Wet woodlands are an important habitat often overlooked in floodplain restoration. They are a rare and extremely fragmented habitat need of expansion.

Upland mixed ashwoods

These woodlands occur in western and northern Britain on thin soils usually over limestone. The support important bird communities as well as rare assemblages of flora, especially mosses and lichens, and invertebrates.

Upland heathland

Upland heathland occurs on mineral soils and thin peat (<0.5 m deep) throughout the uplands of England. Dwarf shrubs, heathers in particular, dominate the characteristic vegetation (>25% cover). Upland heathland usually occurs between about 600-750 m and around 250-400 m above sea level.

Upland hay meadows

Upland hay meadows were plentiful until the latter part of the 20th Century, but are now rare. They are important for several rare species of bird, including corncrake and black grouse, as well as for a now assemblage of flowering plants. The occur on a range of upland soils in western, central and northern Britain.

Upland calcareous grassland

Calcareous grasslands occur on shallow, limestone soils (pH 6.5-8.5). Former mineral workings can be ideal opportunities for creation. The precise composition of the vegetation community will depend on the climate, aspect and particular soil characteristics.

Standing open waters

Open water bodies – mesotrophic and eutrophic standing waters in the UK Biodiversity Action Plan – usually occur where gravel pits are situated in river floodplains. Many are important for a range of wetland wildlife. Clay and some chalk extraction can also create open water habitat. Opencast coal sites are suitable where the overburden includes considerable clay measures.

Sand Martin

Sand martins (Riparia riparia) are a summer migrant to Britain and Ireland, arriving in March in order to breed. They are related to swallows, and spend much of their life on the wing catching small flying insects.

Saline lagoons

Saline lagoons are bodies of brackish to hyper-saline water that are partially connected with the sea. Some exchange of seawater occurs with the sea through over-topping an impermeable barrier, by percolation of sea water through the sediment or via man made sluices. Tidal range is greatly reduced or non-existent in the lagoon, and so there is little exposure of bed sediment. Saline lagoons occur in low-lying, often soft sediment coastlines, generally south and east England.